Singh, Omvir and Sharma, Milap C and Sarangi, A and Singh, Pratap (2008) Spatial and temporal variability of sediment and dissolved loads from two alpine watersheds of the Lesser Himalayas. CATENA, 76 . pp. 27-35.
Restricted to IARI users only, others may use ->
Estimation of sediment load from Himalayan basins is of considerable importance for the planning, designing, installation and operation of hydro-power projects, including management of reservoirs. In the present study, an assessment of physical and chemical load, sediment yield and erosion rate has been undertaken at eight different locations in the Sainj and Tirthan watersheds. The analysis revealed that the maximum load was transferred during the monsoon season. Moreover, the estimated average chemical erosion rate of the Sainj (83 t km− 2 yr− 1) and Tirthan (80 t km− 2 yr− 1) watersheds were higher than that of the Indian average (69 t km− 2 yr− 1) representing all the rivers. Both watersheds were eroding physically and chemically at a faster rate than that of the world global average erosion rate (185 t km− 2 yr− 1). The flattish nature of the channels in some segments of these watersheds showed a lower transport of sediments, where as the constricted segments having steep bed slopes increased the velocity of flow and the sediment transport rate. These findings have important implications for water resource management in the context of sediments mobilization, erosion, channel management, ecological functions and operation of the hydro- power projects in the Lesser Himalayan region.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Sediment transport; Denudation rate; Weathering; Himalayan Watersheds|
|Subjects:||Agricultural Sciences and Technology > Geoinformatics|
Agricultural Sciences and Technology > Water Resource Engineering
|Deposited By:||Dr Sridhar Gutam|
|Deposited On:||11 Jun 2010 14:32|
|Last Modified:||11 Jun 2010 14:32|
Repository Staff Only: item control page