Eastman, A and Gollamudi, A and Stampfli, N and Madramootoo, C A and Sarangi, A (2010) Comparative evaluation of phosphorus losses from subsurface and naturally drained agricultural fields in the Pike River watershed of Quebec, Canada. Agricultural Water Management, 97 . pp. 596-604.
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Phosphorus (P) is the limiting nutrient responsible for the development of algal blooms in freshwater bodies, adversely impacting the water quality of downstream lakes and rivers. Since agriculture is a major non-point source of P in southern Quebec, this study was carried out to investigate P transport under subsurface and naturally drained agricultural fields with two common soil types (clay loam and sandy loam). Monitoring stations were installed at four sites (A, B, C and D) in the Pike River watershed of southern Quebec. Sites A–B had subsurface drainage whereas sites C–D were naturally drained. In addition, sites A–C had clay loam soils whereas sites B–D had sandy loam soils. Analysis of data acquired over two hydrologic years (2004–2006) revealed that site A discharged 1.8 times more water than site B, 4 times more than site C and 3 times more than site D. The presence of subsurface drainage in sandy loam soils had a significant beneficial effect in minimizing surface runoff and total phosphorus (TP) losses from the field, but the contrary was observed in clay loam soils. This was attributed to the finding that P speciation as particulate phosphorus (PP) and dissolved phosphorus (DP) remained relatively independent of the hydrologic transport pathway, and was a strong function of soil texture. While 80% of TP occurred as PP at both clay loam sites, only 20% occurred as PP at both sandy loam sites. Moreover, P transport pathways in artificially drained soils were greatly influenced by the prevailing preferential and macropore flow conditions.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Non-point source pollution; Nutrient transport; Surface runoff; Subsurface drainage; Water quality monitoring|
|Subjects:||Agricultural Sciences and Technology > Agricultural Engineering|
Agricultural Sciences and Technology > Irrigation and Drinage Engineering
Agricultural Sciences and Technology > Water Resource Engineering
|Deposited By:||Dr Sridhar Gutam|
|Deposited On:||11 Jun 2010 12:55|
|Last Modified:||11 Jun 2010 14:11|
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