Kumar, Rajesh and Devakumar, C and KUMAR, DINESH and PANNEERSELVAM, P and KAKKAR, GARIMA and ARIVALAGAN, T (2008) Influence of Edaphic Factors on the Mineralization of Neem Oil Coated Urea in Four Indian Soils. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56 . pp. 10183-10191.
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The utility of neem (Azadirachta indica A Juss) oil coated urea as a value-added nitrogenous fertilizer has been now widely accepted by Indian farmers and the fertilizer industry. In the present study, the expeller grade (EG) and hexane-extracted (HE) neem oils, the two most common commercial grades, were used to prepare neem oil coated urea (NOCU) of various oil doses, for which mineralization rates were assessed in four soils at three incubation temperatures (20, 27, and 35 °C). Neem oil dose-dependent conservation of ammonium N was observed in NOCU treatments in all of the soils. However, a longer incubation period and a higher soil temperature caused depletion of ammonium N. Overall, the nitrification in NOCU treatment averaged 56.6% against 77.3% for prilled urea in four soils. NOCU prepared from EG neem oil was consistently superior to that derived from hexane- extracted oil. The performance of NOCUs was best in coarse-textured soil and poorest in sodic soil. The nitrification rate (NR) of the NOCUs in the soils followed the order sodic > fine-textured > medium- textured > coarse-textured. The influence of edaphic factors on NR of NOCUs has been highlighted. The utility of the present study in predicting the performance of NOCU in diverse Indian soils was highlighted through the use of algorithms for computation of the optimum neem oil dose that would cause maximum inhibition of nitrification in any soil.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Azadirachta indica; edaphic factors; neem oil; mineralization; nitrification|
|Subjects:||Agricultural Sciences and Technology > Agricultural Chemicals|
|Deposited By:||Dr Rajesh Kumar|
|Deposited On:||07 Jul 2010 17:54|
|Last Modified:||07 Jul 2010 17:58|
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