Bhagyalakshmi, Kari and Vinod, K K and Kumar, M and Arumugachamy, S and Prabhakaran, A J and Raveendran, T S (2008) Interspecific Hybrids of Wild x Cultivated Triticum Crosses - A Study on the Cytological Behaviour and Molecular Relations. Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology, 11 (4). pp. 257-262.
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Genetic diversity of the cultivated wheat is narrowing down and is increasingly becoming non-complacent in tackling new pathogenic races and adverse environmental situations. Wild relatives of wheat are rich repositories of beneficial genes that are capable of defying adverse situations. However, these wild species are not readily crossable with cultivated ones. The present study attempted crossing three wild wheat species as females with three cultivated species of varying ploidy to understand the intricate behaviour of hybrids in relation to cytology, morphology and molecular recombination. Post-fertilisation barriers caused hybrid recovery in wild species in contrast to cultivated species. Triticum monococcum did not produce hybrids in any of the crosses. Various degrees of chromosome anomalies and hybrid sterility were seen with hybrids of T. timopheevi and T. sphaerococcum. Cytoplasmic factors were suspected to add more to the abnormality. G genome from T. timopheevi could enhance more pairing between B and D of cultivated species. Precocity of certain chromosomes in laggard formation was evident, pointing towards evolutionary self balance of the genomes which prevented homeologous pairing. They are eliminated in hybrids. Molecular diversity clearly corroborated with genetic proximity of the species, which distinguished themselves by the maintaining the genome homeology.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||wide hybridization; Triticum; molecular diversity; meiotic anomalies; cytoplasmic factors|
|Subjects:||Agricultural Sciences and Technology > Plant Breeding|
|Deposited By:||Dr Vinod K K|
|Deposited On:||23 Jun 2010 16:55|
|Last Modified:||23 Jun 2010 17:36|
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